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Skull foramen and structures passing through them


1- HYPOGLOSSAL CANAL - hypoglossal nerve

2- INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY - passes thru both carotid canal and foramen lacerum

3- GREATER PALATINE FORAMEN - anterior palatine nerve

4- LESSER PALATINE FORAMEN - posterior palatine nerve

5- NASOPALATINE NERVE - incisive foramen

6- SUPRA ORBITAL FORAMEN OR NOTCH - supraorbital nerve

7- SUPRA ORBITAL FISSURE - inferior opthalmic vein

8- INFRA ORBITAL FORAMEN - infra orbital nerve

9- ZYGOMATIC NERVE - infra orbital fissure

10- ZYGOMATICO FACIAL FORAMEN - zygomatico facial branch of the sixth nerve

11- OPTIC CANAL - central retinal vein

12 - FORAMEN ROTUNDUM - maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve

13- FORAMEN OVALE - Mandibular nerve, Accessory meningeal artery, Lesser petrosal nerve and Emissary veins (mnemonic : MALE).

14- FORAMEN SPINOSUM - middle meningeal artery

15- JUGULAR FORAMEN - 9 , 10 , 11 th cranial nerves

16- MASTOID FORAMEN - meningeal branch of occipital artery

17- TYMPANO MASTOID FISSURE - auricular branch of vagus ( vidian r alderman )

18- FACIAL NERVE - stylomastoid foramen

19- CHORDA TYMPANI NERVE - petro tympanic fissure.

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