SEARCH (Type the topic here)

Most Common's in medical science:

1° Tumor arising from bone in adults

· Multiple Myeloma

Adrenal Medullary Tumor – Adults

· Pheochromocytoma

Adrenal Medullary Tumor – Children

· Neuroblastoma

Bacterial Meningitis – adults

· Neisseria meningitidis

Bacterial Meningitis – elderly

· Strep pneumoniae

Bacterial Meningitis – newborns

· E. coli

Bacterial Meningitis – toddlers

· Hib

Bone Tumors

· Metasteses from Breast & Prostate

Brain Tumor – Child

· Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)

Brain Tumor –Adult

· Astrocytoma (including Glioblastoma Multiforme) then: mets, meningioma, Schwannoma

Breast Carcinoma

· Invasive Duct Carcinoma

Breast Mass

· Fibrocystic Change (Carcinoma is the most common is post-menopausal women)

Bug in Acute Endocarditis

· Staph aureus

Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia pt

· Klebsiella

Bug in Epiglottitis

· Hib

Bug in GI Tract

· Bacteroides (2nd – E. coli)

Bug in IV drug user bacteremia / pneumonia

· Staph aureus

Bug in PID

· N. Gonnorrhoeae

Bug in Subacute Endocarditis

· Strep Viridans

Cardiac 1° Tumor – Adults

· Myxoma “Ball Valve”

Cardiac 1° Tumor – Child

· Rhabdomyoma

Cardiac Tumor – Adults

· Metasteses


· Dilated (Congestive) Cardiomyopathy

Cause of 2° HTN

· Renal Disease

Cause of Addison’s

· Autoimmune (2nd – infection)

Cause of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

· 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency (then, 11-)

Cause of Cushings

· Exogenous Steroid Therapy (then, 1° ­ ACTH, Adrenal Adenoma, Ectopic ACTH)

Cause of death in Alzheimer pts

· Pneumonia

Cause of death in Diabetics

· MI

Cause of Death in SLE pts.

· Lupus Nephropathy Type IV (Diffuse Proliferative)

Cause of Dementia

· Alzheimer’s

Cause of Dementia (2nd most common)

· Multi-Infarct Dementia

Cause of food poisoning

· Staph aureus

Cause of mental retardation

· Down’s

Cause of mental retardation (2nd most common)

· Fragile X

Cause of preventable blindness

· Chlamydia

Cause of Pulmonary HTN


Cause of SIADH

· Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung

Chromosomal disorder

· Down’s

Congenital cardiac anomaly

· VSD (membranous > muscular)

Congenital early cyanosis

· Tetralogy of Fallot

Coronary Artery thrombosis


Demyelinating Disease

· Multiple Sclerosis

Dietary Deficiency

· Iron

Disseminated opportunistic infection in AIDS

· CMV (Pneumocystis carinii is most common overall)

Esophageal cancer


Fatal genetic defect in Caucasians

· Cystic Fibrosis

Female Tumor

· Leimyoma

Form of Amyloidosis

· Immunologic (Bence Jones protein in multiple myeloma is also called the Amyloid Light Chain)

Form of Tularemia

· Ulceroglandular

Gynecologic malignancy

· Endometrial Carcinoma

Heart Murmur

· Mitral Valve Prolapse

Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis

· Mitral

Heart Valve in bacterial endocarditis in IV drug users

· Tricuspid

Heart Valve involved in Rheumatic Fever

· Mitral then Aortic

Hereditary Bleeding Disorder

· Von Willebrand’s Disease

Liver 1° Tumor

· Hepatoma

Liver Disease

· Alcoholic Liver Disease

Location of Adult brain tumors

· Above Tentorium

Location of Childhood brain tumors

· Below Tentorium

Lysosomal Storage Disease

· Gaucher’s

Motor Neuron Disease


Neoplasm – Child

· Leukemia

Neoplasm – Child (2nd most common)

· Medulloblastoma of brain (cerebellum)

Nephrotic Syndrome

· Membranous Glomerulonephritis

Opportunistic infection in AIDS


Ovarian Malignancy

· Serous Cystadenoma

Ovarian Tumor

· Hamartoma

Pancreatic Tumor

· Adeno (usually in the head)

Patient with ALL / CLL / AML / CML

· ALL - Child / CLL - Adult over 60 / AML - Adult over 60 / CML - Adult 35-50

Patient with Goodpasture’s

· Young male

Patient with Reiter’s

· Male

Pituitary Tumor

· Prolactinoma (2nd – Somatotropic “Acidophilic” Adenoma)

Primary Hyperparathyroidism

· Adenomas (followed by: hyperplasia, then carcinoma)

Pt. With Hodgkin’s

· Young Male (except Nodular Sclerosis type – Female)

Pt. With Minimal Change Disease

· Young Child

Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

· Hypocalcemia of Chronic Renal Failure

Sexually transmitted disease

· Chlamydia

Site of Diverticula

· Sigmoid Colon

Site of metastasis

· Regional Lymph Nodes

Site of metastasis (2nd most common)

· Liver

Sites of atherosclerosis

· Abdominal aorta > coronary > popliteal > carotid

Skin Cancer

· Basal Cell Carcinoma

Stomach cancer

· Adeno

Testicular Tumor

· Seminoma

Thyroid Cancer

· Papillary Carcinoma

Tracheoesophageal Fistula

· Lower esophagus joins trachea / upper esophagus – blind pouch

Tumor of Infancy

· Hemangioma

Type of Hodkin’s

· Mixed Cellularity (versus: lymphocytic predominance, lymphocytic depletion, nodular sclerosis)

Type of Non-Hodgkin’s

· Follicular, small cleaved

Vasculitis (of medium & small arteries)

· Temporal Arteritis

Viral Encephalitis


No comments:

Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...
Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...